Moulagensammlungen in Rumänien
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Cluj – Napoca
Die Moulagensammlung der Medizinischen Universität Cluj/Rumänien
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The collection of dermatological wax moulages from Cluj, Romania, was one of the last ones made up in Europe, between 1928 and 1942.The initiator was Prof. Coriolan Tataru, the first romanian professor of dermatology in Cluj since 1923.The moulageur was Dr. Richard Hoffman, a good dermatologist and an excelent artist in the same time. He created over 200 wax moulages and also numerous photos on glass and paper, between 1924 and 1936, when Dr. R. Hoffman left Cluj for Bucarest. No other moulages was made up since then. The collection is stored in appropriate conditions. The collection consists in models of : a) infectious diseases, especially syphylis ( all stages, including malignant syphylis and many types of congenital syphylis ), tuberculosis of the skin, anthrax of the skin, Ducray/s disease, micetomas, classical tinea corporis and favus of the head ;b) genodermatoses : Mibelli/s disease, Darier/s disease, cutis verticis gyrata, etc;c) common diseases but unusual like clinical aspects : psoriasis and eczemas;d) cancers of the skin : basal and squamous cell carcinomas, malignant melanomas, mycosis fongoides, angio-endoteliomas. The quality of moulages and the work done by the collective of Prof. C.Tataru were recognized at the nineth International Congress of Dermato-Venereology held in Budapest in 1935, when the showcases with moulages representing the syphylis won the first prize and the gold medal. Today the wax moulages have lost perhaps partialy their medical and scientific value, but they still preserve their historical significance about the cutaneous pathology in the early twentieth century and the artistic and especially their didactic importance.